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搜尋結果 : 和" US"有關的資料, 共有369筆
非戰爭的攻防:論美國對中國採行的預防性舉措
Non-War Offense and Defense: On Preventive Measures Taken by the United States Towards China
殷志偉
即將出版
63卷2期(2024/06/01)

對於強權並存且有爆發戰爭可能性的國際格局,戰爭由誰引發在學界的論點迥異。權力轉移理論認為崛起國基於不滿現狀,會對主導強權發起戰爭;另有聲音則認為衰退的國家基於預防性動機,會對崛起的對手採取行動;然而,權力轉移理論與預防性動機的論述,主要關注於戰爭的發動,此觀點反映一種以「戰爭」進行解析的框架,即探討國與國之間是否會發生戰爭。本研究則以另一個「非戰爭的攻防」的分析框架,論述主導強權與崛起國之間在兵戎之外的攻防行動。本文以美國在2022年施行的晶片與科學法案為例,論述美國對中國採行的非戰爭預..

In the international arena where powerful nations coexist, and the possibility of war exists, there are differing opinions on who triggers wars. Power transition theory suggests that a rising power will initiate war against a dominant power out of dissatisfaction with the status quo. Other argue that the declining state is motivated by preventive motivation to take action against rising adversary. However, both the power transition theory and the preventive motivation argument primarily focus on the initiation of war. This perspective refle..

為什麼不中立了? 從關鍵時刻、地緣政治與決策模式分析瑞典與芬蘭中立政策調整
Why is Neutrality no longer an Option? An Analysis of the Adjustments of the Neutral Policies in Sweden and Finland from Critical Moments, Geopolitics and Decision-making Patterns
楊三億 (San-yi Yang)
63卷1期(2024/03/01)

瑞典與芬蘭是歐洲實施中立政策歷史相當悠久的國家,長期以來這兩國選擇中立作為外交政策主軸,不過2022年2月俄烏戰爭爆發後這兩國決意擺脫中立、改以申請加入北約為其新的外交目標,此種策略轉變對兩國與歐洲安全形成很大衝擊。芬蘭已於2023年4月4日加入北約,2023年7月北約峰會召開之際,土耳其與匈牙利亦表態支持瑞典入約。本文所欲探討者乃是分析這兩國為何調整其長久以來堅守的中立政策理念,過往多數觀點認為瑞、芬兩國拋棄中立乃因俄烏戰爭威脅所致,但實際觀察兩國政策演變,俄烏戰爭僅是政策轉折最後階段..

Sweden and Finland are countries with a long history of neutral policies, and they have traditionally chosen neutrality as their main direction for foreign policy. However, after the outbreak of the Russo-Ukrainian War in February 2022, both countries have decided to abandon neutrality and adopt joining NATO as their new security strategy. This disruptive evolution of diplomatic strategy has had a significant impact on the security of both countries and Europe as a whole. As of the writing of this article, Finland has already joined NATO on..

美中貿易戰後的國際結構:政治兩極化會造成貿易關係兩極化嗎?
International Structure of the Post US-China Trade War: Political Bipolarization Leads to Bipolarization in International Trade?
林偉修 (Wei-hsiu Lin)
63卷1期(2024/03/01)

美中貿易戰宣告了兩國在國際政治的競爭局勢正式展開,2019年後的疫情更形加劇了兩國彼此的競爭關係。然而,美中對立下新冷戰的政治兩極化一定會造成國際貿易關係的兩極化嗎?世界各國真的會各自歸隊,在美國與中國之間擇一而處,形成兩極對立的局勢嗎?還是口頭上與行為上有差異,仍然依照國家自身的利益分別和美國和中國進行實質上的往來。本文即探討這個問題,比較疫情前後,國際貿易局勢的變化到底是趨向兩極化還是非兩極化。本文認為,新冷戰的局勢下,美中對立造成的政治兩極化無法避免,但政治兩極化不等於貿易關係兩極..

The U.S.-China trade war indicates a confrontation between the U.S. and China, and the pandemic problem since 2019 deteriorates the confrontation. However, will political polarization due to the new cold war between the U.S. and China lead to economic polarization? Do countries in the whole world choose their own sides between the U.S. and China, establishing two blocs and competing? Or countries in the whole world behave inconsistently in terms of verbal promises and practical actions. National interest is still their benchmark to have sub..

政體類型對於COVID-19防疫成效的影響
The Effect of Regime Types on the COVID-19 Pandemic Prevention Effectiveness
李欣樺 (國立臺灣大學政治學研究所博士生)
62卷3期(2023/09/01)

於2019年底爆發之COVID-19病毒大流行再度引起政治學界對於國家的政體類型與公衛治理效能兩者關聯性之關注,惟目前對於政體因素的影響力以及關於相異政體孰勝孰負的論點未見統一,故本文嘗試透過質性與量化混合的途徑重新審視此爭辯。綜合而言,以2020年為觀察年度的研究範圍中,本研究的量化分析顯示,在其他條件不變的情況下,愈民主的國家呈現愈高死亡率之相關性。再者,本文之個案研究發現,在東亞國家的防疫過程中,非民主政體的國家展現較高的政府擴權程度,進而使這類國家的政府呈現出相對於民主國家較好之..

The COVID-19 pandemic that broke out at the end of 2019 has once again drawn the attention of political scientists to the correlation between regime types and public health governance. However, the current scholarly discourse lacks consensus on the influence of political regime factors and the comparative advantages or disadvantages among different regime types. Therefore, this paper attempts to re-examine this debate through a mixed qualitative and quantitative approach. In this study, a comprehensive analysis was conducted for the year 20..

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