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搜尋結果 : 和" realism"有關的資料, 共有30筆
國際關係理論反思性、反思現實主義理論之研究
Reflexivity and Reflexive Realism in International Relations Theories
莫大華(Tahua Mo)
即將出版
53卷4期(2014/12/01)

本文主旨在探索國際關係理論本身存在的理論反思性,包括反思性較強的批判性國際關係理論、後現代主義、建構主義等理論,以及反思性較弱的 現實主義與自由主義等理論,尤其是現實主義反思中出現的反思現實主義 (reflexive realism),特別是其對於國際關係學界忽略的現實主義之政治-倫理面向及理論化過程的反思,以及其理論內涵與特色;進而其引發國際關係理論研究未來發展的可能性。本文首先分析國際關係理論的理論反思性及其核心元素,以及非主流各理論的反思性。其次,分析..

This article explores theoretical reflexivities of international relations theories, including the stronger reflexivity of the critical international relations theory, postmodernism, constructivism, and the weaker reflexivity of realism and liberalism. In particular, the reflection of realism has brought out “reflective realism” which reveals the political-ethical aspects and theorization, as well as contents and characters of realism. This article also explores possible contributions of reflective realism to inte..

新古典現實主義與外交政策分析的再連結
The Re-linkage between Neoclassical Realism and Foreign Policy Analysis
廖舜右(Shun-Yo Liao)蔡松伯(Sung-Po Tsai)
即將出版
52卷3期(2013/09/01)

本文主張新古典現實主義不宜再度檢視國內層次的眾多因素與變項,而應從實然的角度來思考國家如何評估威脅、國家如何選擇外交政策的類型。本文說明新古典現實主義並非為解決異例(anomaly)誕生,而是將非體系與理念因素納入體系理論的邏輯之中,也就是將國內層次因素解讀為決策者對壓力的反應類型,亦即決策者會評估並判斷應採取何種類型之外交政策。而根據決策者對國際壓力的知覺(perception),以及對於國內政治的評估 (calculation),本文整理出國家具有制衡、..

This article criticizes the inappropriateness of neoclassical realism in evaluating factors and variables at the domestic level. Instead, the manner of which states assess threats and choose types of foreign policy should be based on empirical methods. The authors explain that neoclassical realism is not a result of solving anomaly but that it combines non-structural and ideational factors into the logic of the system theory. Factors at the domestic level are supposed to be systematically categorized and simplified by types o..

爭論中的國際關係「戰略文化」研究
Contending IR Studies on the Field of "Strategic Culture"
黃恩浩(An-Hao Huang)
即將出版
51卷4期(2012/12/01)

本文主要的目的是探討戰略文化研究在國際關係領域中的發展與理論定位之相關問題。國際關係戰略文化研究乃源自於軍事歷史學者對國家戰爭方式與作戰傳統之探討,並開始蓬勃發展於 1970 年代的冷戰時期。在社會科學國際關係研究領域中,戰略文化的研究方向是企圖在以物質為基礎的現實主義論述外,強調從文化意念與歷史途徑的角度,探討國家行為者在國際環境中的戰略行為模式根源。目前,西方關於戰略文化研究的文獻相當多,但在這豐富的文獻中迄今仍尚未產生一個共同而且被接受的戰略文化概念,..

This paper seeks to explore the development of strategic culture in the field of international relations by highlighting the problem of its theoretical orientation. The research of IR strategic culture stemmed from the research of traditional ways of war by many military-historical scholars and started to emerge since the 1970s. The main research purpose of strategic culture is trying to look at the ideational origin of state behavior in the international environment by taking the perspective of culture under the dominance of..

能動者與結構:在本體論分析層次上的爭論
Agent and Structure: The Ontological and Level-of-Analysis Debates
宋學文(Hseik-Wen Soong) 陳文政(York W. Chen)
即將出版
51卷1期(2012/03/01)

本體論為任何研究之始,能動者 / 結構爭論為以 Waltz 為首之結構現實主義與 Wendt 為代表之建構主義在本體論層次的重要歧異點之一,為此,兩派學者自 1980 年代末黨論戰迄今。儘管本體論的問題具有政治性,不見得有終極與明確的答案,但籍由本體論的討論可以讓吾人更能瞭解兩派理論在深層假設的異同。本文在敘明能動者/結構爭論在理論發展上的重要性後,進行爭論中相關重要概念——如能動者、能動性、結構等——的闡述,除追蹤這些概念在社會學上的根源..

All research begins with ontology. The agent/structure debate represents one of the most profound discrepancies and the least conclusive contests in this regard between Structural Realism and Constructivism since the late 1980s. Though politics is the terrain of competing ontology;definite and clear-cut answers are hardly attainable, a serious discussion on ontological issues can lead us to penetrate the assumptions deeply embedded in both theories. This article first examines theoretical significances in the agent/structure debate and ..

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