在歐盟慶祝羅馬條約 60 週年前夕，歐洲統合面臨了英國公民投票決定脫離歐盟的震撼。英國脫歐究竟對歐洲統合產生何種意涵?是歐盟內部一持續爭辯中的議題。本文的目的在回答以下的研究問題:英國脫歐對歐洲統合產生何種意涵?公投出現脫歐的結果對歐盟傳遞出何種訊息?歐盟領袖是否正確解讀了這些訊息與意涵並給予正確的政策回應?經檢視對立性的論點之後，本文認為在公投中所顯示出的多項特質──不同社經階級所呈現出對立性的分裂投票-凸顯了必須正視經濟不公與分配不正義的急迫性與必要性。 這些問題係導因於歐盟長久以來治理中的結構性缺陷，而在歐債危機的不當管理後更行惡化。當歐盟領袖仍陷於要以「更多還是更少的歐洲」作為對英國脫歐回應的爭論時，歐盟可能仍以應付過關方式處理英國脫歐的衝擊，而再次強化民眾對歐盟無能的領導與錯誤經濟治理的負面認知。不論歐盟未來將朝向哪一種願景發展，一個「社會的歐洲」以調和「經濟的歐洲」使後者能更為內聚與公平是必要的，以使歐洲統合能持續向前推進與維繫「政治的歐洲」能永續發展。
On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Rome Treaty, European integration had suffered a setback with the U.K.’s decision to withdraw from the EU(Brexit). The implications for European integration are heavily contended in EU politics, but these are far from clear and will require further investigation. This paper attempts to explore the implications of Brexit for European integration. What messages does the U.K. referendum have for the EU? Have EU leaders interpreted these messages and implications and initiated appropriate policy responses? After examining competing interpretations, this paper argues that patterns in voting behavior, showing sharp divisions between different socio-economic classes, highlight the imperative of addressing economic inequalities and distributive injustice, which have been rooted in structural flaws in EU governance and aggravated following the mismanagement of the Euro crisis. While EU leaders have been mired in disputes over ‘more or less Europe,’ the EU has had to muddle through the impacts of Brexit. All this has re-confirmed perceptions of the EU’s inept leadership and economic mismanagement. Whatever future awaits the EU, a ‘social Europe’ that reconciles an ‘economic Europe’ and is more inclusive and fairer is required to move European integration forward and to keep the concept of a ‘political Europe’ sustainable.
英國於 2016 年 6 月 23 日舉行全國性公投，脫歐派以 51.9%勝出，再於 2017 年 3 月 29 日啟動《歐洲聯盟條約》第 50 條脫歐程序，意味英國通知後的兩年內脫離歐盟。英國脫歐將對英國與歐盟帶來重大深遠之影響，英歐未來關係很大程度將取決於脫歐談判之結果，包括脫歐條件、過渡機制以及雙邊協定等安排。本文以英國脫歐對歐盟之影響為研究對象，探討英國脫歐對歐盟預算、經貿、歐洲整合及對外關係等方面之潛在影響。本文建議英國與歐盟應從事理性談判，架構出..
A national referendum was held in the UK on 23 June 2016, with the result of a 51.9% vote to exit the EU. On 29 March 2017, the UK triggered the Article 50 procedure which will lead to Brexit in two years. Brexit poses a big challenge for both the UK and the EU. Future UK-EU relationship will mainly be decided by the results of the Brexit negotiations, in terms of its exit arrangements, transitional mechanisms, bilateral agreements, etc. This paper focuses on the impact of Brexit on the EU, particularly on the EU’s budg..
英國脫離歐盟的公投意外地以過半(52%)比例通過，此舉不僅會重塑英國在世界上的位置，亦將深遠和持續影響其國內政治與經濟發展。在經濟上，公投結果已造成英鎊匯率持續下跌、商業活動減少、投資下滑與就業機會消失，尤其嚴重衝擊英國金融業。失去歐盟會員資格的情況下，倫敦金融中心恐難再維持歐元交易中心的領導地位。在政治上，如何在主張脫歐的民意與要求留歐的蘇格蘭和北愛爾蘭兩者間取得平衡，成為主政者維持聯合王國完整的最迫切挑戰。本文認為，以 1985 格陵蘭脫離歐盟為例，一國..
The UK referendum on Brexit was passed unexpectedly by a 52% majority. This result will not only reshape the UK’s place in the world but also has profound and enduring impact on the UK politics and economy. Economically, the Brexit result has caused continuing devaluation of UK sterling and declines in contracts, investment and employment. The UK financial service sectors have been affected the most. It is difficult for the City of London to maintain its position as the leading financial center of the euro without the U..
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