The dynamic development of European security in both theoretical debate and policy practice has made its research a momentous model in the field of security studies. This article aims at exploring various theoretical structures of European security by systematically examining both rationalism and non-rationalism in regional security, international relations theories, and global systems. Core issues of focus are allocated at three levels. The article applies a theoretical basis to the volatile evolution of European security during the Cold War era and the post-Cold War era in order to assess reliability and validity of each theory involved. This cross-examination of the three-level theoretical structures suggests that developments of European security in the two eras can be better accounted by rationalism and non- rationalism, respectively. Rationalism explains that the Cold War European security was characterized by an international bipolarity where power was the core of security dilemma between the two confrontational blocs. On the other hand, non-rationalism offers a better reasoning for European security unfolding after the end of the Cold War concerning re-construction of regional order, constitution of shared ideas and values, and employments of soft power as means of norms dissemination. In short, cooperation and integration of security policy in Europe have perfectly provided theoretical debates and practical applications to academic fields of diversified accounts and research models.
自 90 年代中期以來，學界對於恐怖主義的研究正日益深化，反恐措施也推陳出新。不過，恐怖主義攻擊卻未因此減少，反而從過去盛行的中東地區和發展中國家蔓延到威權的前蘇聯各國以及已開發國家。參與者也從過去的反殖民建國訴求者，擴大為宗教和其他激進運動的獻身者;手段上更普遍地採取自殺攻擊，而不在乎組織形象聲名狼藉和人員的損失。似乎強大的國家，其安全與反擊措施越嚴厲，越激發攻擊者的鬥志。這種「越挫越奮」的異常現象，對傳統的國關理論構成了不小的挑戰。
National security is traditionally comprehended in terms of the rationalist approach, of which the physical boundaries and the static “Self” of nation states are taken for granted. The concept of “security dilemma” is accordingly understood as the conflicting tendency between nations in the process of defense build-up. However, this article argues that another type of “security dilemma” should not be ignored: the more the units increase its physical capabilities, the less secure they are, d..
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