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搜尋結果 : 和" Human Rights"有關的資料, 共有11筆
跨國人權非政府組織與拉丁美洲民主轉型
Transnational Human Rights NGOs and Democratic Transition in Latin America
蘇彥斌(Yen-pin Su)
即將出版
60卷3期(2021/09/01)

拉丁美洲許多國家在第三波民主化浪潮中歷經政體轉型,在比較政治學界中為一重要的研究課題。有別於既有文獻從總體層次、或是國際層次的因素來探討政體變遷,本論文主張跨國人權非政府組織網絡對於民主轉型具有重要的促進效果。本研究以拉丁美洲18個威權體制(1969∼1995) 的資料為基礎,運用量化方法對於上述主張進行系統性的驗證。本研究的實證分析顯示,在其他條件不變的情況下,一個威權國家若有愈密集的跨國人權非政府組織動員網絡,則該國愈有可能歷經民主轉型。綜合而言,本論文的創新之處在於透過嚴謹..

The regime change of many Latin American countries under the Third Wave of democratization has been a crucial topic in the field of comparative politics. Unlike previous literature that examines how democratic transition is shaped by macro-level or international-level factors, this study argues that transnational human rights NGOs networks play a significant factor in promoting democratic transition. Using data of 18 authoritarian regimes in Latin America between 1969 and 1995, the quantitative analysis demonstrates that a higher level of t..

東南亞人權政治:條約承諾的意義 (1981∼2015)
The Motives of Ratification: Human Rights Treaties in Southeast Asia (1981-2015)
顏永銘(Yung-Ming Yen)
即將出版
59卷1期(2020/03/01)

近年來,國際人權規範在東南亞地區出現了正面的發展趨勢,並引發了學界之興趣。然而現有研究多聚焦於東協區域人權機制的創建與後果,對於人權公約承諾的關注相對不足,所提供的解釋亦未能盡如人意。本文企圖透過量化資料的實證分析,探詢影響東南亞人權公約承諾的主要因素。透過觀察東南亞十國自1981年到2015年間對主要國際人權公約的承諾紀錄,本文驗證了主要理論觀點所歸納出的四項假設,實證分析結果顯示,規範論與理性論觀點在不同的人權公約中產生了一定的促進效果,然而並無證據支持..

The last few decades witnessed positive developments in terms of human rights across Southeast Asia. It is widely believed that progresses such as the creation of ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights (AICHR) suggested the willingness of regional countries to identify themselves with universal human rights. Nevertheless, no consensus has been reached in academia yet regarding human rights treaty commitment of regional countries. This article intends to make contribution to the knowledge of human rights treaty rat..

武裝衝突期間軍隊的文化資產保護角色及其實踐: 2003年伊拉克戰爭的影響
The Military’s Roles and Practices of Cultural Property Protection during Armed Conflicts: The Effects of the Iraq War (2003-2011)
郭雪真(Hsueh-Chen Kuo)
即將出版
59卷1期(2020/03/01)

武裝衝突期間軍隊保護人類文化資產的角色,國際人道法、國際人權法與國際刑法訂有相關的義務及規範,但此義務或法律規範具體的落實則是有賴於國際組織與強國(主要是美國)在不同的戰爭或武裝衝突期間的實際經驗。即使美國在2003年伊拉克戰爭前已經規劃保護當地文化資產的措施,軍隊及其盟軍仍遭致批評未能保護文化資產。後續2004年在科索沃戰爭期間未能保護東正教(Eastern Orthodox)修道院及防止種族屠殺之間的兩難、2005年在伊拉克薩馬拉(Samarra)歷史1..

This research tries to explore the evolution of international laws regarding the cultural property protection (CPP) during the event of armed conflict with armed forces having obligations to protect cultural property from Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of International Human Rights and International Criminal Law. However, the international practices were based on the interactions of international politics and international laws have been played by great powers (particularly United States) in wars or armed con..

阿拉伯區域人權體系的發展
Developingment of Regional Human Rights Mechanisms in the Arab World
顏永銘(Yung-Ming Yen)
即將出版
53卷3期(2014/09/01)

西元 2000 年以後,開發中地區的人權保障體系出現值得注意的新發展。在中東,建立區域性人權保障標準的努力,最初體現在 1990 年的《開羅伊斯蘭人權宣言》,而後則有阿拉伯國家聯盟先後兩次通過的《阿拉伯人權憲章》。從 2009 年開始,阿拉伯人權體系正式展開運作。本文的主要目的,在於追溯分析阿拉伯世界人權運動的發展歷程,並以《阿拉伯人權憲章》的文本為討論焦點,分析阿拉伯地區的人權觀點與國際人權理念的互動,並針對新建立的阿拉伯人權體系前景進行初步評估。 ..

The establishment of the Arab Human Rights Committee in 2009 signaled a new era of human rights protection in the Arab world. Given the tension between Islamic values and universal human rights and the relentless conflict between Israel and the Palestinian people, the Arab human rights mechanism would have been regarded as “mission impossible.” This article offers a pioneering investigation by reviewing the original and revised Arab Charters on Human rights. The analysis suggests that regional perspectives on huma..

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