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搜尋結果 : 和" Geopolitics"有關的資料, 共有9筆
地緣政治格局下中國北極政策的機會與挑戰
Opportunities and Challenges of China’s Arctic Policy: A Geopolitical Perspective
閻亢宗(Hang-tsung Yen)
即將出版
58卷4期(2019/12/01)

全球暖化改變了北極的地緣政治格局,也促使中國參與北極事務。北極為中國提供的機會包括:縮短通往歐洲和北美港口的航運距離,增加貿易競爭力;有助中國北方港口城市發展不同定位的港埠經濟,及改善中國東北地區的經濟結構;有助於中國取得北極蘊藏豐富的天然資源;及有助於緩解中國當前面臨的安全問題,如「麻六甲困境」。但中國也遇到若干挑戰,包括:北極海冰構成航行威脅,航運成本也會增加;北極國家對中國涉足北極的疑慮;偏重於亞洲的貿易格局制約中國對北極的投入;以及中國技術能量不足等..

Global warming has changed geopolitics of the Arctic and prompted China to participate in the Arctic affairs. The Arctic offers many opportunities for China. First, it shortens the shipping distances to European and North American ports in order to increase trade competitiveness. Second, it develops different kinds of harbor economy and improve economic structures in the northeast of China. Third, it is able to acquire rich natural resources in the Arctic. Fourth, the Arctic can ameliorate China’s security problems, suc..

北極冰融與中日韓三國的地緣政治競合
The Melting Arctic and Geopolitical Coopetition Between China, Japan and South Korea
閻亢宗(Hang-Tsung Yen)
即將出版
56卷4期(2017/12/01)

氣候變遷改變了全球氣候,也改變了北極。北極受全球暖化影響快速冰融,改變了區域內外的國際關係。中日韓三國為爭取未來可能浮現的北極航運利益,以及北極豐富的石油、天然氣等自然資源,紛紛設法進入此一區域。三國同時採取多邊和雙邊外交,意圖強化在北極的影響力。目前為止,三國的北極政策各自為政,甚至相互競爭,很容易產生利益衝突;北極重要的戰略地位,也易引起軍事緊張。事實上,三國在北極有共同的利益,這些共同利益有可能促成三國間的合作。  ..

Climate change has changed the Arctic. The Arctic ice is melting rapidly as the result of global warming. It changed the international relationships of the region and beyond. To compete for emerging Arctic shipping routes and abundant oil, natural gas and other natural resources, China, Japan and South Korea have managed to get involved in this area. The three countries are taking multilateral and bilateral diplomatic approaches simultaneously to strengthen their influence in the Arctic. So far, the three countries are acting..

俄羅斯對歐洲的天然氣能源戰略-國際政治經濟學的觀點
Russia's Natural Gas Energy Strategies on Europe: From the Perspective of International Political Economy
吳雪鳳(Sheue-Feng Wu)曾怡仁(Yi-Ren Dzeng)
即將出版
53卷2期(2014/06/01)

俄羅斯擁有世界最多的天然氣、第二大煤礦及第八大原油蘊藏量,這些豐富的天然資源使俄羅斯具備實施能源外交的優越地緣政治經濟條件。從二十一世紀開始,俄羅斯已經逐漸改變前蘇聯政府時期依靠軍事與政治力量來確保其國際地位的策略,轉而利用天然資源,特別是豐富的天然氣,作為經濟發展與對外關係的重要手段。而普欽政府將天然氣的營運與巨大獲益全都收歸國家管理及控制,是其得以將此一能源權力發展為對歐洲外交戰略與恢復過去大國地位的基礎。本文擬以蘇珊‧史翠菊(Susan Strange..

Russia holds the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second-largest coal reserves, and the eighth-largest crude oil reserves. These plentiful natural resources allow Russia to obtain excellent geopolitical and geoeconomic conditions to carry out its foreign energy strategies. Since the beginning of the 21st century, Russia has transformed from former USSR’s foreign policy which depended on military and political powers for ensuring its international position into the current policy of utilizing natural resourc..

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