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搜尋結果 : 和"理論"有關的資料, 共有122筆
新世紀日本的太空發展:以太空外交和軍民兩用觀點為主
The Space Development of Japan in New Era: Perspectives of Space Diplomacy and Dual Use Technology
鄭子真(Tzu-Chen Cheng)
62卷2期(2023/06/01)

現代科技日新月異,人類的太空活動也展現迥異於以往的面貌。太空科技不僅延伸到宇宙,另一方面也深入地表影響人類生活,諸如衛星傳送、新創產業、軍事技術等。連結虛擬和現實的宇宙空間,現行國際法必須處理嶄新議題的太空垃圾、太空國際法制化、太空資產保護等。同時間,從太空發射的低軌衛星訊息傳送、氣象觀測、衛星遙測等,也與一國內的太空法規範息息相關。這些都挑戰目前主權國家在國際社會的行為,以及在國內制定太空政策的想像。本文取日本太空發展之例,從公共財理論的概念分析太空集體財和私有財的內涵。發現由於太空的..

Modern technology is advancing with each passing day, and human space activities are also showing a completely different appearance from the past. Aerospace technology not only extends to the universe, but also profoundly affects human daily life, such as satellite transmission, emerging industries, and military technology. In order to regulate these human activities in space, the current international law must deal with new issues such as space junk, international legalization of space, and protection of space assets. At the same time, low..

霸權與挑戰:國際關係理論的詮釋
Hegemony and Challenge: An Interpretation by IR Theories
吳玉山(Yu-Shan Wu)傅澤民(Ronan Tse-min Fu)
62卷1期(2023/03/01)

國際關係理論是與現實的國際政治高度聯結的,此一現象在當今表現地極為明顯。美國與中國的戰略競爭召喚著能夠掌握與回應現況的國關理論,其中尤以「權力轉移」和「歷史與國關」兩類文獻最具有解釋力與發展性。本文從權力轉移理論的核心論點與適用的範圍條件切入,接著聚焦於此一理論的兩個關鍵變項:權力差距與挑戰者對現狀的滿意程度,並延伸到戰爭的爆發條件與對理論的挑戰,最後是討論崛起國與支配性強權的新興理論框架。在這一部份又分為三個部分:崛起國對支配性強權的策略選擇、支配型強權對於崛起國的策略選擇,和崛起國與..

International relations theories are always closely connected to real world international politics. This connection between theory and reality is particularly pronounced in today’s world. The strategic competition between the US and the PRC stimulates IR theories that can grasp and respond to the international reality. Among those the “Power Transition Theory” and “History and IR approach” are of the greatest explanatory potential. This paper begins with the core arguments and applications of the power transiti..

土耳其在敘利亞北部出兵行動的戰略思考
Turkey’s Strategic Considerations on Military Deployments in Northern Syria
王順文 (Shun-Wen Wang)
61卷1期(2022/03/01)

本文以角色理論的分析架構探討土耳其於敘利亞北部所開展的三次軍事行動,包括:2016年「幼發拉底之盾行動」、2018年「橄欖枝行動」與2019年「和平之泉行動」。角色理論探討國家與他者互動過程中「驅動菁英的行為」,同時討論「國內政治與制度」,如何透過領導人而呈現出外交政策的樣貌,究係關心他者反應的「角色接受者」,或是強調自我認同的「角色創造者」?是強調國家利益的「獨立角色」?亦或是在乎他者認同的「互動角色」? 據此,本文第一部分將從角色理論與土耳其過去的角色定位談起,進而分析三次行動下..

This paper deals with Turkey’s military deployments, including “Operation Euphrates Shield in 2016, Operation Olive Branch in 2018 and Operation Peace Spring in 2019 with theoretical analysis of “role theory”. Scholars of role theory focus on interactive process of “State” and “Others”. They not only analyze “what motivates political elites’ behavior”, but also discuss domestic politics and institution and their impacts on leaders and foreign policies. In response to other st..

新區域主義下的東南亞國協經貿整合: 以服務貿易自由化為核心
ASEAN Economic Integration in New Regionalism: The Case of Trade in Services Liberalization
張愷致(Kai-Chih Chang) 謝笠天(Pasha L. Hsieh)
59卷2期(2020/06/01)

世界貿易組織的成立以及自由貿易協定(Free Trade Agreement)的締結,促成了全球貿易的自由化以及國際產業供應鏈的重整。然而,伴隨國際貿易自由化而產生的國際財富分配不均,以及發展中國家未能因貿易自由化獲益的問題,亦導致發展中國家和已開發國家之齟齬日漸加深。開發中國家因此擔憂國際貿易的自由化不但無法幫助其實現脫貧的目標,更可能如國際政治經濟學依賴理論(dependency theory)所描述,導致發展中國家成為已開發國家經濟成長的墊腳石。 ..

The World Trade Organization and proliferating free trade agreements (FTAs) have contributed to the liberalization of global trade and the shift of the international supply chain. Nevertheless, trade liberalization has also led to the conflict between developing nations and developed nations and has increased the former’s concerns about the negative impact of trade on development. Premised on the dependency theory, developing nations contend that increasing free trade could worsen their dependency on the developed marke..

代理難題及典則理論的評估:維和行動的文獻回顧
The Evaluation of the Principal-Agent Problems and Regime Theory: Reviewing Studies on Peacekeeping Operations
游智偉(Chih-wei Yu)
58卷3期(2019/09/01)

本文目的在於透過回顧以維和行動為客體的研究,呈現相關研究在國際組織研究及新自由主義架構下的貢獻與不足之處。第一,代理難題仍是相關研究最常用以檢視這類議題的架構,源於分工不明與利益衝突的代理難題是最常出現的現象,同時也是這類研究偏好的議題。第二,資訊失衡造成的代理難題雖可能對維和行動的效力產生最大的負面影響,但卻較少被研究。第三,相關研究與實踐侵蝕了典則理論的主張如下:其一,非民主國家在重複賽局的架構下並未改變其對維和行動的觀點,這樣的現象挑戰了典則理論對聲譽..

By reviewing the studies about peacekeeping operations, this essay focuses on the contributions and contradictions of those studies and the neo- liberalism arguments about international organization studies. Firstly, the principal-agent problems (PA problems) are not only the most common phenomena in the practice of the peacekeeping operations but also are the wide-adapted framework in those studies, particularly on those PA problems that originated from the vague division of labor and from the severe conflict of interests. S..

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