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搜尋結果 : 和"世貿組織"有關的資料, 共有4筆
衛生安全與國際食品貿易:以「人類安全」檢視世貿組織相關立法缺失
Sanitary Security and International Food Trade: Awareness of the Legislative Problems within the WTO in Approach to Human Security
李河清(Ho-Ching Lee)譚偉恩(Wei-En Tan)
即將出版
51卷1期(2012/03/01)

食品貿易全球化帶來了大量的經濟利益,但開放食品進口提供國內消費者更多選擇之餘,他們健康上面臨的風險也越來越高。易言之,食品貿易在締造財富的同時,也在威脅我們每一個人的飲食衛生安全。在出口國透過食品貿易賺取經濟利潤之際,進口國公共衛生安全法規的自主性也受到挑戰。全球食品貿易機展的越快,主權國家面臨公共衛生與貿易自由化兩種法益權衡與選擇的困境就越強;一方面國家有義務保障本國人民的健康,但一方面其也必須遵守世界貿易組俄 (WTO) 架構下的食品安全規範。 有別於傳統的安全研究,本文主張..

The globalization of trade in food has brought great economic benefits Food imports have expanded consumer choices but have also resulted in higher health risk. ln other words, food trade has generated money and threatened the health of individual at the same time. While conferring tangible economic benefits on the states, the expansion of global commerce also has posed considerable challenges for their food safety regulatory structure. In light of the expansion of food trade, the sovereign state's regulatory system has been faced with ..

世界貿易組織規約憲政主義化的省思-國際憲政主義的浮現與影響
Reflections on the Constitutionalization of WTO Laws: The Emergence of International Constitutionalism and Its Impacts on International Public Law
曾雅真(Yea-Jen Tseng)
即將出版
49卷5期(2010/12/01)

國際憲政主義概念固然有待精確定義,但有關世貿規約憲政主義化的見解,已然成為國際法學界討論國際憲政主義概念的藍本。國際憲政主義概念的演化暨發展方向,可能影響到國際社會法律體系的建構,以及國家未來在國際社會所受到的司法制約程度。展望未來,世貿規約憲政主義化的經驗進程,是否會對國際法其它面向的法理論證造成影響,繼續將人權概念置入永績發展、國際環境保護、氣候變遷機制與海洋環境保育等議題的論證當中,並以人類社群整體福祉之極大化為前提,為沒有參與締約的第三方創造國際責任與義務,值得吾人深入並且持續的..

Despite debates addressed among constitutionalists, the concept of international constitutionalism has caused legal consequences to the sovereignty base of international law, and thus mutates the concept of the status of the states. Nowadays, trade scholarship is particularly preoccupied with questions of constitutionalism. The constitutionalization of WTO regulations has triggered a debate on the future of global constitutionalism. Some scholars of the International Public Law believe that WTO, as an institution of global governance, would..

從議程設定論國際經貿規範之法制化:以「市場擾亂」概念的發展與演化為例
Market Disruption in the International Economic Law Processes of Legalization: A Study from the Perspective of Agenda-Setting
曾雅真(Yea-Jen Tseng)
即將出版
46卷3期(2007/09/01)

討論國際經貿規範的法制化過程,無法規避國際法與國家間的權力運作問題,更不能忽視國際社會不存在最高權威之國際無政府狀態的事實。國際社會存在國家資源暨地位的不對稱差異,使強權得以操縱國際經貿議程,建構符合強權利益的國際經貿規範。形式上,國際經貿規範的法制化,係參與者基於對等地位,透過雙邊暨多邊談判後所建構而成的法律,但其實質內容,仍反映強權國家在不對等的基礎上,操縱談判議程,鑲嵌強權利益,扭曲平等正義,強化本國優勢,限制對手經貿發展機會之事實。 ..

It is hard to neglect neither the fact of power competition nor the anarchic character of the international society as scholar researches the context and the practice of international law. The asymmetric distribution of international resources enhances the possibility for powerful states to manipulate the agenda of International Economic law legalization processes, which are therefore constructed in according with the interests of the international Powers. Formally, international economic laws are instituted through bilateral..

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