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搜尋結果 : 和" European Union"有關的資料, 共有39筆
發展中的“人類安全”概念及其在歐盟非法移民問題上之適用
The Developing Concept of "Human Security" and Its Applicability on Illegal Immigration in the EU
盧倩儀(Chien-Yi Lu)
46卷4期(2007/12/01)

冷戰的結束為全球國際情勢創造了新的現況,「安全」的意義不再只是狹義的以「國家」為「安全」的唯一適用單位,「人類安全」概念在這樣的背景下出現。唯「人類安全」指的是「誰的」安全? 針對此一問題,本文從移民議題與人類安全概念的相容性切入,探討人類安全概念在移民議題上之適用性。文章進而專注於歐盟對人類安全概念之論述,並以近年非洲企圖渡海抵達歐洲之移民情況為個案來評估歐盟將人類安全付諸實踐之情況。結論指出,「人類安全」之思維既已得到歐盟支持認同,則那些鋌而走險企圖尋求較好生活環境的非法移民在跨海過..

The new international status quo resulted from the end og the Cold War has broadened tthe definition of "security". No longer does "security" pertian only to "nations", a theme best epitomized by the concept of "human security". The concept of human security, however, has been under attack for its lack of clarity regarding "whose" security it aims to analyze. This article tackles this problem by probing into the applicability of the concept on the migration issue. It focuses on the ..

歐盟“柔性強權”身份認同的建構與批判
"Civilian Power" as the EU's Identity: Construction and Criticism
甘逸驊(Francis Kan)
46卷4期(2007/12/01)

歐洲統合於過去半個世紀的發展,為政策實踐與學術研究提供建構歐洲特殊身份認同的機會。在尋求一個適合其身份認同的全球性角色的過程當中,歐體/歐盟已在對外政策的合作進程中,展現與傳統強權不同的特質,並呈現出具關鍵影響力的規範性力量。隨著在政策領域當中歐洲國家逐漸發展出對外與安全政策整合的機制,學界也提出「公民強權」的概念,藉以指稱在聯盟的層次上,以集體性的非軍事措施解決國際衝突的方式,在經過不斷實踐形成行為體間互動慣例模式後,所建構出具特殊性的歐盟國際身份認同。 然而,當歐盟開始試探軍..

A half century of European intergration has had a profound effect on both policy practice and academic research in pursuing the distinctiveness of Europe's identity as a whole. In the process of finding an appropriate role based on its constructing identity, the EC/EU has shaped a distinct foreign policy and developed decisive normative power in world affairs. Along with the formation of foreign and security policy cooperation among EU member states, the academic circle has proposed the “civilian power” concept, referring to..

歐洲安全與防衛政策的軍事層面:歐盟的全球戰略地位
The Military Dimension of the European Security and Defence Policy: The Global Role of the European Union
甘逸驊(Francis Kan)
45卷5期(2006/09/01)

歐洲統合的進程在經濟、文化與推動西方普世價值方面已使得歐洲聯盟成為一個全球「公民強權」的角色,但是是否藉此轉化成為一個「軍事強權」,仍然是歐盟各會員國爭論的焦點。從馬斯垂克條約將「共同外交與安全政策」納入歐盟決策的三大支柱之一後,歐盟在外交與安全政策的合作才開始具備法律的基礎。但是一九九0年代發生於歐洲本身的區域衝突,凸顯歐盟在解決歐洲本身軍事爭端時的無力感。在一九九0年代末期發展出的「歐洲安全與防衛政策」即著眼於歐盟自主軍事力量的整合與強化,以期因應未來可能發生的區域與國際衝突。 ..

The process of the European integration in economic, cultural and universalising Western values in the past half century has reinforced EU's role as a global “civilian power”. The 1992 Maastricht Treaty founded a “Common Foreign and Security Policy ”, as one of the three pillars of EU, providing c0operation of foreign and security policies among member states with a legal basis. Nevertheless, regional conflicts in Europe of hte 90s only demonstrated that EU was not yet capable of solving military conflicts in its..

歐盟的法律地位-尋找歐盟的定義
The Legal Status of the European Union-In Search of a Definition
Prof. Dr. Helmut Wagner 劉明德
45卷4期(2006/07/01)

本文所要探討的是一個尚未回答的問題,也就是歐盟的法律地位問題,換句話說,歐盟在法律上屬於哪一類型的政治組織? 很顯然的,以傳統法律術語裡面所定義的聯邦去定位歐盟並不合適。目前的歐盟,既不是聯邦,也不應視為聯邦。當然,她也不能被稱為一個國家,因為她並沒有也不願爭取做為一個國家所必須具備的最高決策權力。根據歐盟憲法條約草案第一條第十一項第二款的規定,歐盟任何一種權力的取得以歐盟成員國的個別授權為限。因此,如何定義歐盟,至今還沒有人給過一個大家都能接受的答案。 筆者認為,給予歐..

The article deals with an unanswered question of how the legal status of the European Union may be characterized. In other words: What kind of political community the EU belongs to? It is rather easy to demonstrate that the juridical terms, which were used traditionally to define federally organized political units, are not appropriate to characterize the European Union. It may not be treated as a confederation of soveregin states nor as a federal state, and the EU itself resists being called a state at all. It is because that the EU do..

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