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「避險」視角下中國對美國的網路強國戰略研究
China’s Cyber Power Strategy vis-à-vis the U.S. using a ‘Hedging’ Perspective
張凱銘(Kai-Ming Chang)
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57卷3期(2018/09/01)

過去多年間,中國在網路科技領域取得了突出的建設成果,成為當代國際網路事務要角。北京當局近期更提出「網路強國」戰略,試圖全面強化國家網路實力。中國在網路領域的進取,不僅對美國的固有優勢構成挑戰,也助長了美國政府對其戰略意圖的疑慮,從而增添雙邊關係的不穩定性。為瞭解中國網路建設藍圖與對美政策立場,本文審視了「網路強國」戰略的主要內容,及美國因素在其間的影響;同時透過國際關係研究中的「避險戰略」 探討中國對美網路互動態樣,說明中國政府如何在網路事務中,同步推動對美國的有限抗衡及務實合作,以兼顧國家安全與利益發展需求。

 

China has made huge advances in the field of cyber technology in the past few years and it is now an important player in international cyber affairs. Beijing recently introduced its ‘Cyber Power Strategy’ in a bid to comprehensively strengthen the nation’s cyber capabilities. China’s cyber ambitions not only constitute a real challenge to the U.S. but have also prompted concerns in Washington about China’s strategic purpose and have more uncertainty to their already unstable bilateral relations. To understand China’s cyber development plans and how that will affect U.S. policy, this article will analyze China’s Cyber Power Strategy and the U.S. factor. ‘Hedging Strategy’ from international relations is used to explore the dynamics of Sino-U.S. interactions in cyberspace and to explain how Beijing has used a limited counter-balance strategy against while collaborating with the U.S. to protect national security and advance its interests.

 

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