Over the past decade, terrorist activities in Southeast Asia have increasingly posed great threat upon regional security. By developing international networks, terrorist organizations can effectively launch operation across borders and deliver massive terror to societies concerned. Unlike traditional security threats to states, threats of terrorist organizations are characterized by its vast complexity and scope of activities. Not only do terrorists conduct violent attacks to communities targeted, but also carry out money laundering, penetration, illegal entry, bio-chemical and nuclear materials trafficking, and internet assault. Regarding regional security, the level of threat posed by terrorism and non-traditional security has gone up dramatically.
While international cooperation on counter-terrorism campaign progresses, global Muslim community contemplates differently. Concerns were raised toward counter-terrorism campaign among regional governments. After the September 11 attack, terrorism and related security threats have become focal point of security policy and research. Indeed, development of terrorism in the region has transformed the focus of international security. This paper is trying to examine broader impacts of terrorism on agendas of regional security and individual national security.
2016 年夏，歐盟面臨近 20 年來恐怖主義威脅的最高峰。2015 年初開始，伊斯蘭恐怖分子陸續對法、比、德等國境內大城發動恐怖攻擊，使歐洲國家陷入極度恐慌。本文從歐洲恐怖主義的歷史背景出發，討論歐洲恐怖主義意識形態基礎的轉變，並描述伊斯蘭國對歐洲的威脅。此外，歐洲外交安全政策、內部移民問題與社會問題、聖戰意識形態、網路科技等因素，皆對歐洲近期恐怖主義的發展，產生重大影響。此一波歐洲恐怖攻擊方式，主要 以孤狼式攻擊為主，而歐洲聯盟也以內部與外部行動，企圖回..
In the summer of 2016, Europe was facing its biggest terrorist threat of the last two decades. Form the beginning of 2015, Islamic terrorists have launched a series of attacks on major cities in France, Belgium and Germany. The EU has been in a state of panic after the attacks. First, this article discusses the transformation of terrorist ideology in Europe from a historical background and describes the threat of the Islamic State. In addition, the European foreign and security policy, immigration and social problems, jihadis..
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