Vietnamese immigrants have obvious migration characteristics of “migrant workers from the north and marriage migrants from the south” according to their home countries in Taiwan. At the end of 1986, Vietnam adopted a Renovation Policy (Doi Moi), the country transitioned from a socialist regime to a capitalist marketization, and the shareholding of state ownership led to fundamental changes in the collective production model. Since then, various forms of capital combination combining private and foreign capital have become the main dynamical force of economic development. In terms of labor export policy, the state establishes the property rights of private and foreign capital of labor exporting enterprises and the contract form of labor export through the “Law on Vietnamese Guest Workers”( No. 72/2006/QH11 of November 29, 2006), which is also an important spirit of the operation of the capitalist market economy. Because of this, Vietnam is increasingly integrated into global capitalism and the international labor market. Most state-owned enterprises’ headquarters were established in Hanoi because the capital Hanoi has been the political center since 1955. Almost all the labor export companies established after the renovation have state or collective enterprise equity, thus forming the institutional context of migrant workers from the north. In the 1980s, on the other hand, the investment environment in Taiwan was unfavorable for the development of labor-intensive industries, it coincided with Vietnam's renovation and proposed preferential policies to attract foreign investment, and many Taiwanese businessmen went to Vietnam for inspections. In addition, Taiwan's Southbound Policy in 1994 prompted a large number of Taiwanese transnational capital to enter Ho Chi Minh City and its surrounding areas in southern Vietnam. Therefore, the migration characteristics of "marriage migrants from the south" are related to the involvement of Taiwanese businessmen in the transnational marriage agency network. This paper argues that the difference in migration characteristics of “migrant workers from the north and marriage migrants from the south” is caused by the articulation of migration regime and the capitalism. The former is through the establishment of the property rights of private and foreign capital in labor export activities and the integration of the spirit of contract into the international labor market, while the latter is the transnational marriage market formed by the social network brought by foreign direct capital.
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