IR studies on hegemony have paid much attention on the relative decline and uprising of powers, which has constituted the perspective that the factors of uneven-growth will cause the downfall of hegemony and the rising power will replace the old one after the former poses great challenges to the declining hegemon and wins the hegemonic war. Though the term of hegemony has deeply implied the characters of leadership, IR generally defines the hegemony as an international order within which one state constitute her dominance with power supremacy. Little discussion has ever been engaged to issues about how the hegemon constitute the ruling authority in her way to maintaining her global leadership.
This paper tries to demonstrate the role and effects of hegemonic authority. It argues that the shifting of hegemonic power is the transition of international authority of hegemonic governance. It refers not only to the possessing of relative power superiority, but also the consent of subordinated states, as well as the legitimate grounds of hegemonic ruling. The first part of this paper will define the hegemony from the perspective of leadership. The construction of hegemonic authority is the second part. The third part presents the interactive relationships between the power supremacy and the authority in the hegemony. The historical reviews on the US hegemonic governance in the past years will constitute the final part of this paper. It concludes that much research on the hegemonic authority will provide a fresh point to the causes and effects about the rise and fall of hegemony.
本文起源於兩大研究問題:誰在治理中國的糧食安全?中國糧食安全嗎?因此使用聯合國糧食安全定義分析中國大陸糧食安全治理機制與治理狀況，主要發現有兩點:第一是糧食議題的安全化進展。聯合國雖然從 1970 年代中葉就開始進行糧食議題的安全化，並且逐步在 1970 年代將糧食充足性，1980 年代將糧食可取得性，1990 年代將食物使用性等項目列入糧食安全的指標中，但是氣候變遷卻在 21 世紀初期成為威脅糧食安全的新變數，使得糧食供需及取得的穩定性在近期成為糧食安全的..
This paper arises from an attempt to answer the two following questions: (1)Who is responsible for China’s food security governance?(2)Is China’s food security status secured? Definition of food security constructed by the United Nations(UN)was applied to analyze China’s food security governance and status, with two important findings. First, regarding securitization of the food issues, while the UN has gradually taken food availability(since the 1970s), accessibility(since the 1980s), and utilization and sa..
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