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搜尋結果 : 和"The European Union"有關的資料, 共有18筆
論世界貿易組織上訴機構之改革: 美國立場與歐洲聯盟應對方案之評析
On the Reform of the WTO Appellate Body: An Assessment of the United States’ Position and the European Union’s Proposals
李貴英(Catherine Li)
即將出版
60卷1期(2021/03/01)

WTO爭端解決機制一向被譽為皇冠上之珍珠,如今上訴機構陷入停擺危機,反而成為皇冠上之荊棘。過去數年來,美國運用WTO所要求之共識,屢次反對上訴機構成員之選任案,尤其是川普政府上台後更加強杯葛之力道。根據爭端解決規則暨程序瞭解書之規定,上訴案件最少由三名成員審理並作成裁決。然而2019年12月10日之後,上訴機構已無法正常運作。長期以來美國對上訴機構提出許多批評,包括系統性、實質性與程序性問題;反之,許多WTO會員則急於補實懸缺,而疏於處理美國關切之事項。根據爭端解決規則暨程序瞭解書第3...

The dispute settlement system, often considered as the “crown jewel” of the WTO, is in a present crisis and becomes the crown of thorns. Over the past years, the United States through the use of the WTO’s consensus requirements has successfully blocked the launch of a process to select the Appellate Body members. This is carried forward by the Trump administration. With a Settlement of Disputes Understanding (DSU) requirement that appeals be heard by three AB members, with the AB membership down to zero at the present time..

歐盟與美國的權力關係:“柔性平衡”的適用性
"Soft Balancing" between the European Union and the United States
甘逸驊(Francis Kan)
即將出版
47卷2期(2008/06/01)

在一個以美國為首的後冷戰單極國際體系中,次級強權與美國之間的動態性權力安排,將直接影響單及體系是否得以續存。傳統國際關係理論主張「權力平衡」是維持國際社會與區域安全的穩定要素,但該理論針對的是強權間為維持軍事戰略利益,所採取以軍事力量作為手段的平衡關係,對於後冷戰時期美國與其他次級強權的互動,似乎缺乏解釋的效力。在這些次級強權當中,歐洲聯盟扮演一個非常特殊的角色。歐洲與美國同享重要的文化與宗教價值,但在具戰略意義的議題上,兩者的歧見卻益形明顯。歐盟在重大國際議題上與美國的背道而馳,已形成..

In a U.S.-dominated post-Cold War unipolar international system, the possible power shifts between the second-tier great powers and the Americans, such as a systemic balance, will have great impacts on the existence and endurance of the current international system. According to the Realist theses, “balance of power” is a stabilizing factor that contributes to international security and regional stability as the great powers endeavor to prevent concentration of capabilities in one or a few nations through the process of distribu..

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