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搜尋結果 : 和" energy"有關的資料, 共有20筆
離岸風電與漁業之衝突與調和:日本新潟縣和韓國新安郡協調機制分析
Balancing Offshore Wind Energy and Fisheries: A Comparative Analysis of Coordination Mechanisms in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, and Sin-an Gun, South Korea
黃慧慈 施怡君
即將出版
63卷2期(2024/06/01)

近年來,亞太地區的風電新增裝置容量居於全球領先地位,占2021年全球離岸風電新增裝置容量的84%。然而,亞太各國在推動離岸風電建設的同時,也普遍面臨「多重使用衝突」的問題,尤其以漁業補償引發的爭議最為複雜。在處理離岸風電與漁業使用衝突方面,日本與韓國的經驗尤為重要。這兩個國家除了漁業補償的金錢補償機制之外,還採用多元的協調策略。因此,本研究旨在探討日本與韓國如何以更多元和更具有包容性的協調機制來處理離岸風電與漁業衝突的問題。 在再生能源協調機制的相關研究中,「共同所有權」(Co-..

In recent years, the Asia-Pacific region has taken the lead globally in wind power capacity additions, accounting for 84% of the global offshore wind power capacity added in 2021. However, the promotion of offshore wind power construction in various Asia-Pacific countries has faced the controversy of “conflict of multiple uses” with the coordination of fishery compensation disputes being the most complex. This study explores the possibility of establishing a new form of participation mechanism, in addition to the monetary compen..

論能源憲章條約之現代化與原則性協議
On the Modernization of the Energy Charter Treaty and the Agreement in Principle
李貴英
62卷4期(2023/12/01)

能源憲章條約於1998年生效,目前有54個簽署方,大部分位於歐洲與中亞地區。其目的為保障外國投資人免受地主國不當之管制或政治干預,包括訴諸投資人與地主國爭端解決機制之途徑。2018年啟動該條約之現代化談判,歷經約五年談判後,2022年6月24日能源憲章大會通過原則性協議,完成ECT之修正內容。雖然談判結果未將化石燃料投資排除於保障範圍之外,不過該條約現代化所帶來之實質性改變仍有所進展。儘管如此,部分歐盟會員國宣布退出能源憲章條約,歐盟執委會亦隨之展開協調歐盟及其會員國退出該條約。根據該條..

The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) came into force in 1998 and is currently signed by 54 countries, mostly in Europe and Central Asia. Its purpose is to protect foreign investments from regulatory or political interferences of host State, including through investor-State dispute settlement mechanism (ISDS). A negotiation to modernize the agreement was launched in 2018. On 24 June 2022, after five years of negotiations, the Energy Charter Conference Member States reached an Agreement in Principle regarding revisions to the ECT. Despite a crushin..

政體類型和能源價格補貼
Regime Type and Energy Price Subsidy
吳親恩 (中央研究院政治學研究所副研究員)
62卷3期(2023/09/01)

本文研究政體類型與包括稅前和租稅補貼在內的能源補貼間的關係,並討論這種關係如何被通貨膨脹程度所制約。文中指出不同政權的生存邏輯和不同類型能源補貼的成本,是影響民主和威權政府能源補貼政策差異的重要因素。稅前補貼需要政府編列預算支應部分能源供應的成本,政府不易迴避。因為威權政體優先考量社會穩定,所以在稅前燃料補貼上的支出比民主政體來得多。租稅補貼是指刻意不對能源商品使用的外部性進行賦稅,處理外部性的重要性沒有滿足人民基本物資價格的穩定來得高,而且提供這些補貼的成本可以留給未來世代,所以兩種政..

This paper examines the relationship between regime type and energy subsidies, including pre-tax and tax subsidies, and discusses how these relationships are mediated by the degree of inflation. The paper suggests that the logic of political survival and the costs of energy subsidies are two of the main factors shaping energy subsidy policies. Pre-tax subsidies require the government to budget for part of the cost, which is not easy for the government to avoid. Since authoritarian regimes prioritize social stability, they spend more on pre-..

俄羅斯對前蘇聯國家之歐亞整合能源戰略
Russia’s Energy Strategy for Eurasian Integration of the Post-Soviet Space
許菁芸(Jing-Yun Hsu)
61卷4期(2022/12/01)

從21世紀開始,低敏感性的區域經濟整合已成為目前國際的趨勢。俄羅斯因應區域經濟整合趨勢,從傳統主導安全性區域整合改採以更有地緣政治優勢的能源戰略,來促進其建立在新「歐亞主義」的「歐亞經濟聯盟」。本文以地緣政治之能源戰略視角,檢視俄羅斯對前蘇聯國家的地緣政治與能源紛爭,並以交易成本經濟模型作為綜合型架構。本文認為國家作為一個理性行為者,俄羅斯運用地緣政治能源戰略降低交易成本。最後本文以交易成本變項來進一步分析前蘇聯國家與俄羅斯之議價能力。

In the 21st century, regional economic integration as a less sensitive issue has become the current international trend. In response to the trend of regional economic integration, Russia has changed from traditionally dominated thought of security regional integration to a more geopolitical energy strategy to promote its establishment of the “Eurasian Economic Union” based on the new “Eurasianism.” From the perspective of geopolitical-based energy strategy, the article examines Russia’s geopolitical and energy ..

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