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搜尋結果 : 和"非政府組織"有關的資料, 共有8筆
日本NGO與政府在ODA的互動與角色探析
The Study of Interaction and Role Between Japanese NGO and Government on ODA
林淑馨Shu-Hsin Lin
即將出版
61卷2期(2022/06/01)

二次世界大戰後,隨著全球事務的複雜化,跨國經濟活動、新科技與網路的發達,加遽了人與人之間的交流與互動,也使得國際間的相互依賴愈來愈加深與頻繁,從而大幅改變國際關係之面貌,致使國與國之間的界線也變得模糊。非政府組織的興起意味著傳統以「國家為國際事務主要成員」的觀點受到質疑與挑戰,當各國治理範疇逐步縮減時,非政府組織卻開始填補了政府在國際活動方面的空缺,在國際社會中快速擴張,因此,在進行國際援助時,若非政府組織與政府之間如能相互協力,應比其中任何一方單打獨鬥更能..

After World War II, with the complexity of international affairs, cross border economic activities, new technology and the internet contributed to the increase of human interaction. This also increases the interdependence between countries, as well as the changes in international relationships made the borders among countries more and more vague. The rise of Non- Government Organizations (NGOs) indicated that the concept of “nations as the main player in international affairs” is being challenged. NGOs gradually t..

跨國人權非政府組織與拉丁美洲民主轉型
Transnational Human Rights NGOs and Democratic Transition in Latin America
蘇彥斌(Yen-pin Su)
即將出版
60卷3期(2021/09/01)

拉丁美洲許多國家在第三波民主化浪潮中歷經政體轉型,在比較政治學界中為一重要的研究課題。有別於既有文獻從總體層次、或是國際層次的因素來探討政體變遷,本論文主張跨國人權非政府組織網絡對於民主轉型具有重要的促進效果。本研究以拉丁美洲18個威權體制(1969∼1995) 的資料為基礎,運用量化方法對於上述主張進行系統性的驗證。本研究的實證分析顯示,在其他條件不變的情況下,一個威權國家若有愈密集的跨國人權非政府組織動員網絡,則該國愈有可能歷經民主轉型。綜合而言,本論文的創新之處在於透過嚴謹..

The regime change of many Latin American countries under the Third Wave of democratization has been a crucial topic in the field of comparative politics. Unlike previous literature that examines how democratic transition is shaped by macro-level or international-level factors, this study argues that transnational human rights NGOs networks play a significant factor in promoting democratic transition. Using data of 18 authoritarian regimes in Latin America between 1969 and 1995, the quantitative analysis demonstrates that a higher level of t..

緬甸在地非政府組織對少數民族的援助:以克欽族為例
The Assistance of Domestic NGOs to Minorities in Myanmar: A Case Study of the Kachin
司徒宇(Yu Szu-Tu)
即將出版
57卷4期(2018/12/01)

就非政府組織的「運作規模」而言,可將其分為「國際」與「在地」的非政府組織。面對緬甸相關問題,儘管國際非政府組織擁有專業與資源上的優勢,卻也有無能為力之時,必須搭配在地非政府組織的力量,甚至形成合作關係,方能更有效率地完成任務。有鑑於在地非政府組織對緬甸的重要性,本文由長期遭受緬甸政府忽視的「少數民族偏鄉發展」議題切入,並以「湄他發展基金會」、「沙龍基金會」與「人民亮光」等從事「克欽族」援助起家的在地非政府組織為例,詳述在地非政府組織與緬甸克欽族的互動情形,及..

The “scale of operations” of non-governmental organizations can be divided into either “international” or “domestic.” When dealing with problems in Myanmar, although international non-governmental organizations may hold advantages due to their professionalism and available resources; however, there are still situations where they may feel helpless and will need to rely on the help of other domestic non-governmental organizations or even form a collaborative alliance with them to carry out t..

全球化下的災害治理:以東日本大地震國際救災協力為例
Realizing Disaster Governance in a Globalizing World: A Scrutiny of Disaster Relief Cooperation on the 311 Earthquake
王文岳(James W. Y. Wang)楊昊(Alan Hao Yang)
即將出版
52卷2期(2013/06/01)

近年來層出不窮的天然巨災嚴重挑戰了國家的緊急災害治理能力,這也使得學界與政策社群開始高度關切國際災害治理或跨部門災害治理模式的研究。不過,相關知識生產方式大多以政策報告或技術報告呈現,較少側重於理論化的探討。就此,本文將以國際救災與減災社群的建構與協作過程為關懷,試圖理論化國際介入、國家回應與公民參與之間的協力連結,並且類型化國際、國家與地方行為者的共同治理模式。同時,藉由回顧東日本大地震的國際救災經驗,本文亦將進一步分析全球災害救援與減災網絡的機會與限制。..

Natural disastrous hazards occurred frequently in recent years, seriously challenging the state capacity of emergency governance. Accordingly, attention has been attracted to the study of disaster governance with specific focus on modalities of inter-state and inter-sectoral cooperation. Though there are piles of policy reports and technique reports concerning disaster governance, only few of them are with theoretical features. This article is aimed at theorizing the construction and collaboration of international relief and ..

跨國政治又一章:跨國認證網絡的興起與問題
Transnational Certification Network: Development and Problems
辛翠玲(Chuei-Ling Shin)
即將出版
51卷1期(2012/03/01)

在各種跨國公民社會的組織活動.跨國議題倡議網絡 ( transnational advocacy network, TAN )是近年來常見、且最為學界所知的組織形態。TAN乃源於民間,由民間人士基於主動的認知與共同的理念,結合各界力量所形成的跨國壓力團體。近年 TAN 作法推陳出新,且發展出有別與以往的跨國認證網絡。 跨國認詮網絡係指以標章為工具,將標章賦予道德規範的內涵,藉以推廣其理念的新型TAN。現有認證網絡者,涵蓋有機農業、公平貿易、森林保育、道德貿易等議題。本研究分析跨國..

The theory of transnational advocacy network, developed by Keck and Sikknink in 1998 has been one of the most in-depth and systematic concepts providing insights to the myths of transnational civil societies. The TAN theory depicts how the TAN, originated and led by civil groups, attracts supporters across border lines to collectively pressurize certain target government against improper policies or behaviours. The introduction of the TAN theory has been enormously influential within the transnational level of analysis in IR studies, formin..

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