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搜尋結果 : 和"軍事"有關的資料, 共有27筆
論未定疆界對持續領土爭端的衝突緩和作用: 以2017中印洞朗對峙為例
The Deescalating Effect of Unsettled Borders on Enduring Territorial Disputes: An Analysis on the 2017 Doklam Standoff
陳秉逵(Ping-Kuei Chen)
即將出版
59卷3期(2020/09/01)

國家間發生領土爭端時,常以展現或威脅使用軍事力量為主要威逼手段,若爭端國互不相讓,往往會陷入緊張的軍事對峙,隨時可能升級為全面武裝衝突。本文檢視此類不實際動武的軍事對峙,並提出兩個因素可有助緩和軍事對峙。首先,反覆僵持的爭端使雙方主動管理對峙行為,避免容易造成衝突升級的意外;再者,未定邊界或領土為雙方使用武力的緩衝地帶,針對爭議領土展示或威脅使用武力變成可理解的經常事件,對爭端國而言,爭議區域的武裝對峙或軍事行動不被視為立即的挑戰或威脅,衝突方傾向避免對峙惡..

States often make coercive threats by showing or threatening to use military force during territorial disputes. Disputants may be mired in intense military standoff if no parties would stand down in a dispute. The tense situation may escalate into armed conflicts. This article examines military standoff short of the use of force. It presents two variables that could alleviate military standoff. First, disputants will take measures to manage their conflict behavior when repeated conflicts yield no clear resolution to a territo..

軍事衝突、政治風險與外來直接投資
Militarized Conflict, Political Risk, and Foreign Direct Investment
邱奕宏(Yi-Hung Chiou)
即將出版
52卷1期(2013/03/01)

過去數十年來,外來直接投資出現大幅的成長,跨國企業在經濟全球化的過程中扮演益發重要的角色。然而,跨國企業在進行海外投資時多少會遭遇到來自地主國的政治風險,而導致經營損失或人員傷亡。國際關係學界中,商業自由主義者認為,商業活動與軍事衝突環境無法相容,軍事衝突將對跨國企業的海外投資造成負面影響。對此,本文從跨國企業的角度,分析軍事衝突在跨國企業進行政治風險評估中的地位,進而主張跨國企業的產業異質性將導致不同產業的跨國企業,對軍事衝突作出不同的認知與回應。因此,迥..

Over the past decades, foreign direct investment(FDI)has grown significantly. The role of multinational corporations(MNCs)has become more important in terms of facilitating the process of economic globalization. Nevertheless, while conducting investment overseas, MNCs inevitably face the uncertainty of political risks, including militarized conflict, in host countries, which may deter MNCs’ investment and lead to decrease in FDI inflow. Based on this logic, commercial liberalism argues that commerce cannot exist in a co..

軍事創新的理論發展:科際比較研究的角度
The Development of Military Innovation Studies: An Interdisciplinary Perspective
陳文政(York W. Chen)
即將出版
50卷3期(2011/09/01)

軍事創新自 1980 年代中葉起成為戰略研究的重要研究議題之一,從創新一詞的提出,與對擴散、邏輯漸進主義以及突現性變革途徑等相關概念的轉化、應用與深入研究,均呈現出跨科際研究的多元風貌。在各種背景不同、功能互異的學科交相衝擊下,使得軍事創新的相關論述不斷推陳出新。加上後冷戰時期,各主要國家軍隊為因應威脅形態的轉變,無不積極從事軍事轉型的工作,這些因素使得創新與轉型不僅成為戰略研究中的學理論戰焦點,更具有鮮明的實務重要性。誠如 Andrew Pettigrew 所言:對於創新的研究不當限於..

Military innovation became one of the major research agendas within the field of strategic studies since the mid-1980s. The military innovation studies, at the onset, presented the landscape of interdisciplinary diversity From the introduction of the term "innovation" to the translation, application, and investigation of related concepts such as diffusion, logical incrementalism, or emergent approach, the knowledge of military innovation, which was deeply affected by the contributions of various disciplines whose academic backgrou..

軍事擴散理論的新思維:複合邏輯下的安全備戰模型
Secure-Arming Model under Complex Logic
即將出版
50卷1期(2011/03/01)

新現實主義針對外部平衡提出了許多的模型,但卻未能說明國家為何,以及如何在不同類型的內部平衡間進行選擇,以回應外在的壓力。要解釋一國在軍事政策上的變化,必須以一種結合體系與單元雙層次變數的理論進行分析,而這種理論的基礎即是目前方興未艾的新古典現實主義。不過,新古典現實主義雖注意到了單元層次的重要性,卻仍忽略了國家行為邏輯的雙重性,亦即,國家除了權衡利害關係(後果性邏輯)以做出決策外,在此過程中,也會受到文化因素(適當性邏輯)的影響。本研究即是希望能夠透過理論綜..

There are many models of external balancing based on neo-realism. Nevertheless, not all can interpret why and how states choose among different types of internal balancing strategies to response the extrinsic stress. To understand the change of a state’s military policy, neoclassical realism integrates the system-level and unit-level variables. However, it still ignores the dual nature of the logic of state’s action, namely, besides interest, the influence of culture. Hence, a new “secure arming” model..

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