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搜尋結果 : 和"日本"有關的資料, 共有98筆
新世紀日本的太空發展:以太空外交和軍民兩用觀點為主
The Space Development of Japan in New Era: Perspectives of Space Diplomacy and Dual Use Technology
鄭子真(Tzu-Chen Cheng)
62卷2期(2023/06/01)

現代科技日新月異,人類的太空活動也展現迥異於以往的面貌。太空科技不僅延伸到宇宙,另一方面也深入地表影響人類生活,諸如衛星傳送、新創產業、軍事技術等。連結虛擬和現實的宇宙空間,現行國際法必須處理嶄新議題的太空垃圾、太空國際法制化、太空資產保護等。同時間,從太空發射的低軌衛星訊息傳送、氣象觀測、衛星遙測等,也與一國內的太空法規範息息相關。這些都挑戰目前主權國家在國際社會的行為,以及在國內制定太空政策的想像。本文取日本太空發展之例,從公共財理論的概念分析太空集體財和私有財的內涵。發現由於太空的..

Modern technology is advancing with each passing day, and human space activities are also showing a completely different appearance from the past. Aerospace technology not only extends to the universe, but also profoundly affects human daily life, such as satellite transmission, emerging industries, and military technology. In order to regulate these human activities in space, the current international law must deal with new issues such as space junk, international legalization of space, and protection of space assets. At the same time, low..

日本NGO與政府在ODA的互動與角色探析
The Study of Interaction and Role Between Japanese NGO and Government on ODA
林淑馨Shu-Hsin Lin
61卷2期(2022/06/01)

二次世界大戰後,隨著全球事務的複雜化,跨國經濟活動、新科技與網路的發達,加遽了人與人之間的交流與互動,也使得國際間的相互依賴愈來愈加深與頻繁,從而大幅改變國際關係之面貌,致使國與國之間的界線也變得模糊。非政府組織的興起意味著傳統以「國家為國際事務主要成員」的觀點受到質疑與挑戰,當各國治理範疇逐步縮減時,非政府組織卻開始填補了政府在國際活動方面的空缺,在國際社會中快速擴張,因此,在進行國際援助時,若非政府組織與政府之間如能相互協力,應比其中任何一方單打獨鬥更能..

After World War II, with the complexity of international affairs, cross border economic activities, new technology and the internet contributed to the increase of human interaction. This also increases the interdependence between countries, as well as the changes in international relationships made the borders among countries more and more vague. The rise of Non- Government Organizations (NGOs) indicated that the concept of “nations as the main player in international affairs” is being challenged. NGOs gradually t..

自由保守與國粹保守: 現代日本保守主義的兩種面向
Liberal Conservatism and National Conservatism: Two Aspects of Modern Japanese Conservatism
安井伸介Shinsuke Yasui
61卷2期(2022/06/01)

現代日本保守主義歷來深受學術界的關注,尤其1990年代以後,日本政治社會往往被視為開始右傾化,因而出現許多從批判性角度分析日本保守主義的著作。然而,過去較少有從政治思想的角度切入之研究,故本文試圖彌補此空缺。保守主義是法國大革命以來構成現代政治思想的重要潮流,故為了理解現代日本的保守主義,政治思想的視角是不可或缺的。鑒於此,本文提出自由保守與國粹保守的分析框架,並從此角度對現代日本保守主義進行分析。自由保守是依據西方保守主義的思維,重視從「保守的」角度進行思..

The literature and academia have paid widespread attention to modern Japanese conservatism. Japan’s political society tends to be considered as leaning towards the right especially after the 1990s, resulting in many studies focusing on modern Japanese conservatism and criticizing its phenomenon. Past studies, however, did not often analyze the issue from the viewpoint of political thought, and therefore, this essay aims to fill such a gap. Conservatism has taken on an important role around the world, constitu..

「村社會」的繼承與蛻變: 試論日本戰前藩閥與戰後派閥政治的關連性
The Continue and Change of Murasyakai: The Analysis of the Relationship between Pre- War Hanbatsu Politics and Post-War Factional Politics in Japan
鄭子真(Tzu-Chen Cheng)
60卷2期(2021/06/01)

本文旨在分析日本戰前藩閥與戰後自民黨派閥政治的關連,明瞭在歷史因素下政治寡頭者理念的傳承,且進一步影響現今政治的運作。以往有關派閥政治的研究,多數是以選區制度、權力均衡等觀點進行探討,然本文認為尚可由制度與歷史的因果關係,探究制度的動態與變遷、制度的柔軟性和限制性等要素說明。故本文取日本藩閥與派閥之例,認為兩者之間藉由近代政黨政治運作連結而起,對應政府體制轉變,成為民主政治理念的展現。本文發現近代日本藩閥政治與自民黨派閥的連續性上,存在有保守與改革派意識形態的對抗,藉由依賴路徑發展而來的..

This paper’s purpose is to analyze the relationship between the pre-war Hanbatsu politics and the post-war factional politics in Japan in order to understand the continued ideals of the political oligarchy and their effect on the operations of present politics. In terms of the studies on factional politics in Japan, most scholars use the viewpoints of the election system or the balance of power, etc. However, this paper tries to explore factional politics from the institutional and historical cause and effect viewpoint. To do so, this..

日本地方自治體行政區域合併或跨域治理策略之研究:以關東都市圈為例
Administration Zone Merger and Cross- Boundary Governance Strategies of Local Autonomous Bodies in Japan: Using the Greater Tokyo Area as an Example
王皓平(Hao-ping Wang)趙永茂(Yung-mau Chao)
58卷4期(2019/12/01)

日本自約1990年代末期推動「平成大合併」,擬將約3200個市町村自治體整併為約1000個,以利區域廣域政策的推動,並減少地方自治體的行政營運費用。然而,自治體的存續為憲法所保障,尤其在民主時代,日本中央政府難以用強制的手段大規模進行市町村自治體的合併。因此,有些市町村在沒有行政區域合併的情況下,選擇用跨域治理的方式達成廣域治理的需要。 而為解決廣大區域的共同治理課題,實務上常以地方自治體間的「行政區域合併」或是跨域治理來因應大都市周邊..

Japan has promoted the Great Heisei Mergers since the late 1990’s. Under this program, the Japanese government planned to merge approximately 3200 villages, towns, and cities into roughly 1000; thereby facilitating the promotion of regional policies and reducing the administration and operation expenditures of local autonomous bodies. However, the existence of such bodies is guaranteed by the Constitution of Japan. Particularly in the current era of democracy, the central government of Japan has experienced difficulty i..

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