英國於 2016 年 6 月 23 日舉行全國性公投，脫歐派以 51.9%勝出，再於 2017 年 3 月 29 日啟動《歐洲聯盟條約》第 50 條脫歐程序，意味英國通知後的兩年內脫離歐盟。英國脫歐將對英國與歐盟帶來重大深遠之影響，英歐未來關係很大程度將取決於脫歐談判之結果，包括脫歐條件、過渡機制以及雙邊協定等安排。本文以英國脫歐對歐盟之影響為研究對象，探討英國脫歐對歐盟預算、經貿、歐洲整合及對外關係等方面之潛在影響。本文建議英國與歐盟應從事理性談判，架構出一項有助於未來合作關係的協定，以確保英國有秩序的脫歐，並維持歐洲的穩定，創造英歐雙贏的結果。
A national referendum was held in the UK on 23 June 2016, with the result of a 51.9% vote to exit the EU. On 29 March 2017, the UK triggered the Article 50 procedure which will lead to Brexit in two years. Brexit poses a big challenge for both the UK and the EU. Future UK-EU relationship will mainly be decided by the results of the Brexit negotiations, in terms of its exit arrangements, transitional mechanisms, bilateral agreements, etc. This paper focuses on the impact of Brexit on the EU, particularly on the EU’s budget, economy and trade, European integration, and the EU's external relations. It is expected that the UK and the EU will conduct rational negotiations and conclude a cooperative agreement on their future relationship, ensuring an orderly Brexit and bringing a win-win result for both the UK and the EU.
英國脫離歐盟的公投意外地以過半(52%)比例通過，此舉不僅會重塑英國在世界上的位置，亦將深遠和持續影響其國內政治與經濟發展。在經濟上，公投結果已造成英鎊匯率持續下跌、商業活動減少、投資下滑與就業機會消失，尤其嚴重衝擊英國金融業。失去歐盟會員資格的情況下，倫敦金融中心恐難再維持歐元交易中心的領導地位。在政治上，如何在主張脫歐的民意與要求留歐的蘇格蘭和北愛爾蘭兩者間取得平衡，成為主政者維持聯合王國完整的最迫切挑戰。本文認為，以 1985 格陵蘭脫離歐盟為例，一國..
The UK referendum on Brexit was passed unexpectedly by a 52% majority. This result will not only reshape the UK’s place in the world but also has profound and enduring impact on the UK politics and economy. Economically, the Brexit result has caused continuing devaluation of UK sterling and declines in contracts, investment and employment. The UK financial service sectors have been affected the most. It is difficult for the City of London to maintain its position as the leading financial center of the euro without the U..
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