Before German unification in 1990, East Germany/GDR was authoritarian-governed by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany and West Germany/FRG was a democratic state with a relatively fair competitive party system. Serious conflicts between totally different political systems must have emerged when they started to become a unified state. Differing from the traditional approach to studying party systems through party numbers and ideologies, the author will, through “social cleavage,” examine how German parties reflect the change of the social structure after German unification. In other words, cooperation, alignment and even dealignment among German parties and the characters of the German party system after unification will be emphasized in this research. To combine the changes of party system and classification of party system, readers will realize the reasons, contents and influences of the German party system after 1990.Finally a conclusion is summarized: the integration probably have formed a specific German social cleavage after unification.
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