本文認為波蘭外交政策變化之因在於 : 第一，加入北約是為了滿足對外部安全環境的需求，以外交政策調整發誓獲得安全保證，決策者透過實質理性判斷，滿足加入北約的心理與歷史需求。第二，加入歐盟乃是希望以現代化方向提升國家能力，透過程序理性取得全民共識。第三，美伊戰爭對波蘭而言屬突發性狀況處理，波蘭政府僅能從實質理性角度處理「何種外交政策」才是波蘭國家利益所在，政治菁英以歷史思維的記憶強化決策正當性，並據此調整外交政策。
The shift in foreign policy of Poland during the post-Cold war period can be considered as a significant process in the development of the European politics. This study focuses on the changes of foreign policy structure of Poland after the joining of NATO, EU and the US-lead war on Iraq. The changes are motivated by the strength on pursuit of power, rationality of the state interest, and the ideological and historical influence on the foreign policy making.
This analysis draws the conclusion to the cause in Polish foreign policy change. First, the joining of NATO being the need of Poland for a secure external environment; by adjustment of foreign policy to ensure a secure environment, the leadership through rational judgement fulfills the ideological and historical prerequisit. Second, joining of EU being the hope of modernization and reaching of higher status of state; legal process are required to gian popular consensus. Third, the US-lead Iraqi War being the challenge for Poland dealing with sudden unexpected circumstances in international affairs. The Polish government facing the challenge are endown with making rational choices, strengthening historical and ideological influence on foreign policy adjustment.
在歐盟慶祝羅馬條約 60 週年前夕，歐洲統合面臨了英國公民投票決定脫離歐盟的震撼。英國脫歐究竟對歐洲統合產生何種意涵?是歐盟內部一持續爭辯中的議題。本文的目的在回答以下的研究問題:英國脫歐對歐洲統合產生何種意涵?公投出現脫歐的結果對歐盟傳遞出何種訊息?歐盟領袖是否正確解讀了這些訊息與意涵並給予正確的政策回應?經檢視對立性的論點之後，本文認為在公投中所顯示出的多項特質──不同社經階級所呈現出對立性的分裂投票-凸顯了必須正視經濟不公與分配不正義的急迫性與必要性。..
On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Rome Treaty, European integration had suffered a setback with the U.K.’s decision to withdraw from the EU(Brexit). The implications for European integration are heavily contended in EU politics, but these are far from clear and will require further investigation. This paper attempts to explore the implications of Brexit for European integration. What messages does the U.K. referendum have for the EU? Have EU leaders interpreted these messages and implications and ..
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