During the process of building a nation, various original conditions, such as common historical memory, language, culture, religious beliefs, etc., play an important role. In the history of integration of Ukrainian statehood, the most important events are the independence of the Ukrainian Church, where it separated from Moscow’s rule and the creation of a national Church. However, from the position of the Ecumenical Orthodox Church, this topic not only touches state policy, but also the Church tradition, which has a connection with the principle of relations between the Church and the state. In addition, the topic of the independence of the Church in Ukraine concerns two inevitable problems: the Church’s intensification of Ukrainian believers and the power of the Moscow Church’s influence. This article discusses the following issues: the autonomy of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, the structure of the Orthodox Church, the history of the struggle for independence of the Ukrainian Church from Moscow, the relationship between the Church and the state, and the impact of this topic on society in Ukraine.
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