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教會自主與國族建構: 烏克蘭東正教會的「獨立」進程
Autonomy of the Church and Nation-Building: On the Process of Independence of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine
趙竹成(Zhu-cheng Zhao)
即將出版 下載檔案
60卷1期(2021/03/01)

在國族形塑過程中,各種原生條件,如共同歷史記憶、語言、文化、宗教信仰等,扮演著重要角色。烏克蘭在擺脫俄羅斯影響,重塑其國家主體性的歷史進程中,耗費漫長的時間在教會自主-脫離莫斯科的管理,成為真正的民族教會。但就東正教會的角度來看,一個民族國家教會的獨立不僅只是個別國家的問題,還牽涉到普世東正教會的教法傳統,這也涉及到東正教關於教會與國家關係的認知。此外,烏克蘭正教會的獨立又牽涉到兩個無法迴避的議題:烏克蘭信眾對於教會歸屬的認同以及莫斯科教會的立場和影響力。本文以烏克蘭正教會獨立為核心,討論東正教會的組織,烏克蘭正教會獨立的歷史以及烏克蘭當代政治與宗教之間的關係及其對烏克蘭社會的影響。

During the process of building a nation, various original conditions, such as common historical memory, language, culture, religious beliefs, etc., play an important role. In the history of integration of Ukrainian statehood, the most important events are the independence of the Ukrainian Church, where it separated from Moscow’s rule and the creation of a national Church. However, from the position of the Ecumenical Orthodox Church, this topic not only touches state policy, but also the Church tradition, which has a connection with the principle of relations between the Church and the state. In addition, the topic of the independence of the Church in Ukraine concerns two inevitable problems: the Church’s intensification of Ukrainian believers and the power of the Moscow Church’s influence. This article discusses the following issues: the autonomy of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, the structure of the Orthodox Church, the history of the struggle for independence of the Ukrainian Church from Moscow, the relationship between the Church and the state, and the impact of this topic on society in Ukraine.

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