The regime change of many Latin American countries under the Third Wave of democratization has been a crucial topic in the field of comparative politics. Unlike previous literature that examines how democratic transition is shaped by macro-level or international-level factors, this study argues that transnational human rights NGOs networks play a significant factor in promoting democratic transition. Using data of 18 authoritarian regimes in Latin America between 1969 and 1995, the quantitative analysis demonstrates that a higher level of transnational human rights NGOs network density in an authoritarian regime is associated with a higher likelihood of democratic transition. Overall, this study contributes to the literature of Latin American democratization by providing more nuanced insights and empirical evidence about the relationship between transnational human rights NGOs and democratic transition. Moreover, this study also facilitates a better understanding of political development in new democracies.
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