期刊內容 Issue content

回列表
剖析日本簽訂FTA與加入TPP的政策制定過程
Analysis of Japan's FTA Evolution and Policy-Making Process on Entry into the Trans-Pacific Partnership(TPP)
邱奕宏(Yi-Hung Chiou)
即將出版 下載檔案
55卷3期(2016/09/01)

2000 年後日本對亞太區域經濟整合與締結雙邊自由貿易協定日趨熱衷。2013 年日本正式加入由美國主導之跨太平洋夥伴協定(TPP),象徵著其參與區域經濟整合的高峰。本文之目的在探討自 2000 年代後期以來,日本對區域經濟整合的思維與政策發展,並以日本加入 TPP 的政策制定過程為例,剖析日本政府是如何克服國內的疑慮與反對而加入此一區域自貿協定。 本文採質化研究途徑,透過訪談日本官員、利益團體與學者及分析相關文獻,以了解日本加入 TPP 政策的制定過程。本文研究發現,日本在 TPP 政策制定過程中逐漸顯現從原先日本民主黨強調以政治家主導政策方向、領導官僚,回復到自民黨執政後由政治家匯集政治支持,而仰賴官僚輔佐之決策作成的發展趨勢。

 

Since 2000, Japan has become more active in signing free trade agreements(FTA)and regional economic integration. Japan’s decision to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership(TPP)in 2013 has reached an apex of its efforts in engaging in regional integration. The goal of this paper is to explore Japan’s FTA policy and its evolution by focusing on Japan’s decision to join the TPP. This paper adopts a qualitative approach by interviewing Japanese officials, scholars, interest groups and mass media to investigate Japan’s TPP policy-making process. The results suggest that during the TPP policy development, politicians collecting political support and bureaucrats providing professional expertise have become the most noticeable features in the policy-making process.

 

top